What is Hurriyat Conference?

Head of the Hurriyat:Syed Ali Shah Geelani

In a video release of press,this person said that he is not born an indian while he holds an indian passport.The Hurriyat always wanted some sort of “azaadi” with only some supporting them.They told the reporters,that kashmir is disputed land,while there is no doubt taht it belongs to India.

The Hurriyat are misleading the youths of kashmir into stone pelting,shouting anti-national slogans,showing pakistani and isis flags while their own childrens are studying abroad and not shouting…

The Hurriyat Conference started out as an organisational alliance of political parties and religious organisations in kashmir aiming at self-determination. In simple terms, they are kashmiri separatists who bestow the idea of an independent kashmir, or its separation from the union of indian states at the very least.Their Role:- According to the Shimla Agreement, only India and Pakistan Governments are the two parties which have a say in the Kashmir Conflict. But The Hurriyat Conference being an alliance of 26 organisations, must definitely enjoy some sort of support from the people of kashmir (even if only a small faction), and hence cannot be completely ignored. They want kashmir to be declared as a humanitarian crisis which would mean a possible UN intervention and a separate state.

The Indian Government refuses to give The Conference any major importance as Kashmir is still seen as an integral part of india, and considering the struggle for kashmir post independence, even the idea of giving kashmir away doesn’t make any sense. Indian Government has had special provisions for kashmir to ensure that it keeps kashmir happy. It recognises the special position that kashmir is in, and it needs to be handled separately. So, India is not the least bit in favour of Hurriyat’s ideology and sees them as a danger to india’s integrity.

The ideology of Hurriyat is used by pakistan to invoke unrest and terror activities in India for which the Hurriyat leaders gets funded by Pakistan’s ISI.

Why’s Pak running away?

Somedays earlier,the ICJ stayed execution of Indian nationalist Mr.Kulbhusan Sudhir Jadhav.

And today when the case was opened for jurisdiction in the ICJ Pak lost it badly.

Points to be undertaken:

1.When persons asked for proofs that mr.jadhav is a spy they always denied it completely.

2.why was the case of mr.jadhav was tried in a military court?

3.They(pakistan) totally denied and did not give consulor access to mr.jadhav and why?

4.Why the medical report of mr.jadhav was not provided when asked by India?

5.Why pak military court did not provide exact statement of mr.jadhav,how that evudence ia obtained?

At the ICJ,Mr.Qureshi(pak’s advocate)said that a passport has recovered and that it had a muslim name”Hussein Mubarak”.Also they wanted to play the live evidence but according to rules the so called extricated evidence can be due to pressure on mr.jadhav.So the ICJ cannot accept such evidence and rejected their proposal completely.

And most important question asked by India was  “As to why mr.jadhav has not been provided consulor access?”

According to vienna convention’s , of which both India and Pakistan is a signatory,clearly says that mr.jadhav must be getting consulor access.And not allowing is the violations of vienna as with respect to article 36.

Pakistan now is afraid that the International community would extricate them completely if they were to give consulor access to mr.jadhav and solid evidence as they called.pakistan is now running away?

If india can give consulor access to a terrorist like kasab,why pak can’t give access to our indian national?

Current Affairs 

​ February 1st week

Who is the newly appointed principal economic adviser in the department of economic affairs in the Union Finance Ministry?

Sanjeev Sanyal

Who has become the first Indian female singer to collaborate with United Nations for women empowerment?

Neeti Mohan

Who will be the new Managing Director & CEO of National Stock Exchange (NSE)

Vikram Limaye

The book “The Sons of the Dragon” has been authored by whom?

George RR Martin

What is the India’s GDP growth rate in FY 18, as per the latest report by the HSBC?


Which country has successfully tested a new version of a Dongfeng-5C ballistic missile?


As per Union Budget 2017-18, the Payments Regulatory Board (PRB) will be set up under the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). Who will be chairman of the proposed board?

Governor of RBI

Explanation :

As per Union Budget 2017, the Payments Regulatory Board (PRB) will be set up within the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), which will comprise of six members, of which 3 will be from RBI. The PRB will replace the existing Board for Regulation and Supervision of Payment and Settlement Systems and will exercise the functions relating to the regulation and supervision of payments and settlement systems under the Payment and Settlements Act 2007. The chairman of the board will be the Governor of RBI, along with a deputy governor in charge of payments and settlements as member. It will also have 3 members nominated by the central government.

How much fund has been allocated to the National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS) for fiscal year 2017-18?

Rs. 333 crore

Lakshya Sen is associated with which sports?


Which new scheme will be launched by the Union Government to fund export infrastructure?

Trade Infrastructure for Export Scheme (TIES)

How much amount has been allocated for Bharat Net Project to promote digital transactions into rural India?

Rs. 10,000 crore

The 2017 International Conference and Exhibition on Terrestrial & Satellite Broadcasting has started in which city?

New Delhi

As per Union Budget 2017-18, the National Pension System (NPS) subscribers can prematurely withdraw how much percentage of corpus tax-free?


Which country will become the world’s first country to completely divest from fossil fuels?


Which state is the theme state in the 2017 Surajkund International Crafts Mela? Jharkhand

Who has been appointed the new Deputy Chief of the Army Staff (DCOAS) of Information Systems and Training?

JS Cheema

The 2017 Udyanotsav Feastival will be held in which of the following cities?

New Delhi

The Indian Coast Guard (ICG) raising day is celebrated on which date?

February 1

Who has been sworn-in as the new United States Secretary of State?

Rex Tillerson

How much amount has been sanctioned by the World Bank for “Third Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme (TEQIP III)” of India?

$201.50 million Hide Answer

Who is the leading the Indian delegation in the 2017 SAARC programming committee?

Prashant Agarwal

Which Indian personality will attend the 2017 St. Petersburg International Economic Forum (SPIEF) as a Guest of Honour?

Narendra Modi

Which Bollywood actress has been appointed the new Brand Ambassador of the Swachh Bharat Campaign?

Anushka Sharma

The book “Between Two Worlds – The Assamese Sikhs” has been authored by whom?

Bimal Phukan

The Union Government will launch which platform to leverage Information Technology (IT)?


What is the theme of 2017 World Wetlands Day?

Wetlands for Disaster Risk Reduction

Which country will host the FIBA Women’s Asia Cup basketball tournament to be held in July 2017?


Which country won the gold medal in the Boys team event at the Asian Junior Squash championship on February 5, 2017 in Hong Kong?


Renowned Pakistani Urdu Novel writer ___________ passed away on February 4, 2017 in Lahore at the age of 88.

Bano Qudsia

The Measles-Rubella vaccination campaign was launched in which Indian city on February 5, 2017?


Velavan Senthilkumar is related to which sports?


Scientists from which country successfully transplanted the world’s smallest pacemaker, Micra Transcatheter Pacing System, for the first time in a patient suffering from Bradycardia?

United States

The programme on ‘Inner Strength and Disaster Resilience’ inaugurated by Kiren Rijiju had been organized in which place on February 3, 2017?

New Delhi

Who has been appointed as the MD and CEO of the Ujjivan Small Finance Bank?

Samit Ghosh

The first smart police station of Andhra Pradesh has been launched in which city on February 6, 2017?


Railway Ministry is set to lay the first railway line in Andaman and Nicobar Island that will connect Port Blair to which city?


Which bank has signed an agreement with the insurance company Cigna TTK Health to market the insurer’s products in the its branches across India?

Bank of Maharashtra

Which bank has signed an agreement with Earthport Plc to enable faster outbound cross-border payments for its customers?

Axis Bank

Ujjivan Small Finance Bank has launched its 5 pilot branches in which Indian city on February 6, 2017?


What is the name of the taxi hiring service launched by ride hailing company Uber on February 6, 2017?


Which England cricketer resigned as the Test Captain on February 5, 2017?

Alastair Cook

Iran has lifted the ban on which countries wrestler allowing them to take part in the Freestyle World Cup to be held in Iran in February 2017?

United States

Which country will host the World Billiards Championship for a period of continuous four years?


When is the International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation observed?

February 6

The Indian Coast Guard conducted a joint exercise with which countries counter-part on February 6, 2017 to enhance co-operation and exchange of operational expertise?

United Arab Emirates (UAE)

India has recently signed MoU with which country for technical cooperation in rail sector especially on safety related subjects?


From which state / Union territory, the “Measles-Rubella (MR) vaccination campaign” has been launched?


Which state government has launched “Chief Minister Samagra Gramya Unnayan Yojana (CMSGUY)” to develop villages of the state?


Which country is host to the 4th BIMSTEC Summit-2017?


Which state government has launched “Kakatiya Hub for Social Innovation” India’s first social innovation centre?


Which country successfully tested Dongfeng-5C ballistic missile?



The universe is commonly defined as the totality of everything that exists including all physical matter like the planets, stars, galaxies and the contents of intergalactic space and energy. 
The study of universe is known as cosmology. 

The universe comprises of billions of galaxies.Galaxy is giant assemblies of stars, planets, gases, and dust. These galaxies are made up of millions of stars held together by the force of gravity and these stars account for most of the masses of the galaxy. Andromeda is our nearest Galaxy. 

Our own galaxy is called the Milky way (The Akash Ganga) and it contains about 300 billion stars and one of these is our sun. Planets  and other objects go around the sun and make up the solar system with the sun  at the centre. 

INS Khanderi, Navy’s second Kalvari class Scorpene submarine, launched in Mumbai

​INS Khanderi has superior stealth and the ability to launch a crippling attack with torpedoes as well as tube-launched anti-ship missiles whilst underwater or on surface

A file photo of Indian Navy’s Scorpene submarine INS Kalvari being escorted by tugboats as it arrives at Mazagon Docks Ltd, in Mumbai. Photo: Reuters

Mumbai: Khanderi, the second Kalvari class Scorpene submarine that has superior stealth and the ability to launch a crippling attack with torpedoes as well as tube-launched anti-ship missiles whilst underwater or on surface, was on Thursday launched at the Mazgaon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd (MDL) in Mumbai.
Union minister of state for defence Subhash Bhamre presided over the function to initiate the launch of Khanderi (Yard 11876). The submarine was launched by the Union minister’s wife, Bina Bhamre. Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral Sunil Lanba was also present on the occasion when the submarine was separated from the pontoon on which it was assembled.
The state-of-the-art features of this Kalvari class Scorpene submarine include superior stealth and the ability to launch a crippling attack on the enemy using precision guided weapon. The attack can be launched with torpedoes, as well as tube-launched anti-ship missiles, whilst underwater or on surface.The stealth features will give it an invulnerability, unmatched by many submarines.
The submarine is designed to operate in all theatres, including the tropics. All means and communications are provided to ensure interoperability with other components of a Naval task force. It can undertake multifarious types of missions typically undertaken by any modern submarine, i.e anti-surface warfare, anti-submarine warfare, intelligence gathering, mine laying, area surveillance, etc.

Khanderi is the second of the six submarines being built at MDL in collaboration with M/s DCNS of France, as part of Project 75 of Indian Navy. The first one, Kalvari, is completing sea trials and will be commissioned shortly into the Indian Navy, a defence official said. The Indian Navy’s submarine arm will complete 50 years on 8 December this year.
The Submarine Day is celebrated every year to commemorate the birth of the submarine arm with induction of the first submarine, erstwhile INS Kalvari, into the Indian Navy on 8 December 1967, it said.
India joined the exclusive group of submarine constructing nations on 7 February 1992, with the commissioning of the first Indian-built submarine, INS Shalki.
The MDL built this submarine and went on to commission another submarine, INS Shankul, on 28 May 1994. These submarines are still in service today.
Khanderi is named after the Island fort of Maratha forces, which played a vital role in ensuring their supremacy at sea in the late 17th century. Khanderi is also the name for Tiger Shark, an MDL official said.

NASA’S Hubble Space Telescope.. 

NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope is creating a road map for the two Voyager spacecraft, that will travel through unexplored territories beyond our solar system, by measuring the material along the probes future trajectories. Even after the Voyagers run out of electrical power and are unable to send back new data, which may happen in about a decade, astronomers can use Hubble observations to characterize the environment of through which these silent ambassadors will glide.

A preliminary analysis of the Hubble observations shows a rich, complex interstellar ecology



containing multiple clouds of hydrogen laced with other elements. Hubble data, combined 

with the Voyagers, have also provided new insights into how our sun travels through 

interstellar space.

“This is a great opportunity to compare data from in situ measurements of the space 

environment by the Voyager spacecraft and telescopic measurements by Hubble,” said Seth 

Redfield of Wesleyan University in the US.

“The Voyagers are sampling tiny regions as they plow through space at roughly 38,000 miles

 per hour. But we have no idea if these small areas are typical or rare,” said Redfield.

“The Hubble observations give us a broader view because the telescope is looking along a longer and wider path. So Hubble gives context to what each Voyager is passing through,” he said.

The astronomers hope that the Hubble observations will help them characterise the physical properties of the local interstellar medium.