INS Kalvari


Kalvari is one of Indian Navy’s 6 Scorpene class stealth submarines which has been developed indigenously.
Defence Minister Parrikar had launched the submarine in March last year for sea trials where the vessel has sailed for over 1,000 hours till now.

Commissioning into Indian Navy is expected by March 2017.

With Commissioning of INS Kalvari, Indian Navy is also breaking apart from age old tradition, where earlier the shipyards would hand over warships to the Navy and then would continue trials on the systems on board and the vessels would be made fighting fit long after their official induction.

“The defence ministry is of the view that the vessels should be commissioned in service only if they are ready for deployment in operations moments after they are commissioned into the service,”

Project 75
The 6 Scorpenes are being constructed by Mazgaon Docks Ltd in partnership with a firm from France, DCNS under Project 75
This project’s delivery was first scheduled in 2012 but has been delayed considerably

Defence ministry has announced that the P75 project can also invite private players for a JV which will assist in the early completion of the project

Features of Kalvari
This Scorpene submarine has superior stealth technology
It can also launch massive attacks through precision guided weapons

An attack can be launched through this submarine with torpedoes as well as tube launched anti-ship missiles on the surface of the water or beneath it as well

This submarine works in all settings including the tropics, wherein various means and communications are in place to ensure interoperability with various components of the naval task force

Numerous defence activities can be carried out through this stealth submarine including mine laying, area surveillance, anti-submarine warfare, intelligence gathering and multifarious warfare activities

This Scorpene submarine is constructed from special steel and it can withstand high yield stress because it possesses tensile strength, it can withstand hydrostatic force of high magnitude and dive deeper

Kalvari and other submarines in this class are also equipped with WLT/Weapons Launching tubes and these can carry weapons on board which can effectively be reloaded at sea

All six submarines including Kalvari are being indigenously constructed at Mazgaon Dockyard Ltd in Mumbai

The last and may be second last attack submarine of these class will be equipped with air independent propulsion

The new diesel electronic Scorpene submarines will be named as per the old Foxtrot class boats decommissioned around 10 years ago; these were the first submarines of the Navy

INR Kalvari is one of a set of six submarines which is undergoing test and trials for last one and a half years rigorously at harbour and on sea whether on the surface or underwater

Mechanisms on this submarine have been designed to optimise safety; DRDO is in the process of establishing a system for carrying out structural health monitoring of under development nuclear submarines as well as future conventional Naval submarines

To speed up India in the race for naval vessels, the NDA government has ordered for an accelerated tendering process to construct 6 conventional diesel electric submarines at a cost estimated to be INR 50,000 crore or USD 8.1billion alongside the Scorpenes.

Field trials of Bofors carried out in Pakistan 

Exhaustive field trials are being carried out on two long-range ultra light howitzers in pokhran which the Indian Army received from the US after a gap of 30 years since the Bofors scandal broke out, an official said. 

The test firing of the guns is primarily aimed at collating and determining various critical data like trajectory, speed and frequency of fire of the M777 A-2 ultra light howitzers (ULH) which are expected to be mostly deployed along the border with China. India had struck a government to government deal with US last November for supply of the 145 howitzers at a cost of nearly Rs. 5,000 core. 


Golden Orb Spider

1. They are also known as the golden silk orb-weaver, the writing spider, and the giant wood spider.

2.They grow up to about two inches in size, not including leg span, and females are larger than males. With the legs, some are over five inches in size.

3. There are banana spiders in Africa, Asia, Australia, and the southeastern United States, from Texas to North Carolina.

4. Web silk is golden in color.

5. The female normally eats the male after mating.

6. Their species is the oldest surviving spider genus. Fossil remnants are 165 million years old.

7. Textiles can be made with their golden silk, including a shawl woven in 2004 and a cape in 2012.

8. Fishermen in the Indopacific Ocean make balls with the spiders’ silk. After being tossed into the ocean, the balls unravel and form a net to catch fish.

9. They are mildly venomous, causing redness, blisters, and pain at the bite area.

10. Their Latin name, Nephila clavipes, means “fond of spinning.”​


Mirza Ghalib(1797-1869)
Hindustan (India)Hindustan ka bhi ajab sar zameen hai,

Jis mein wafa-o-mehr-o- mahabbat ka hai wafoor.

 Jaise ke aaftaab nikalta hai sharqaz se, 

Ikhlaas ka hua hai isi mulk se zahoor. Hai asl-e-tukhm Hind se, 

aur is zameen se, Phaila hai sab jahan mein yeh mewa door door.


Wondrous is the Indian soil,

 fruitful and fertile Faith,

 kindliness and love, bloom on every side. 

As the East is the source of the sun and light, 

India is the ancient home of sincerity, undefiled. 

It was here the seed was sown, here it fruited, And from here the fruit spread to distant shores and isles.

I’m Free Bird

I’m free bird,

Meant to fly high,

Never leaving the sight of ground,

To pursue what i believe,i should try,

I’m free being,

Meant to reason everything,

No material can incarcerate me,

My ideas will lead to glorious something,

I’m free mind,

Meant to learn and strive for more,

Difficulties are the melodies of life,

Oneday i’ll reach my destined shore,

I’m free thinker,

Bounded by moral character,

Freedom comes with some rules to obey,

Life’s a reality so don’t be an actor.